Talking Diamonds, we often hear the common term "4Cs" but barely touch the Table's surface. We've simplified the learning curve covering all the important facets.
The Cut of the Diamond is referring to both the Shape, but also the precision around the Cut of the piece.
- Most popular is the Brilliant (Round) Cut
- Quality ranges from Good to Ideal
Clarity speaks to the natural imperfections found within. The most valuable Diamonds are those with the least, or no inclusions at all. Inclusion types are:
- Bearding and more
Carat of the Diamond refers to the size by weight. The scale of Carats is typically measured in Total Weight, unless it is referring to one single Diamond.
- Size of Diamonds are also measured by Millimeter
- Larger - or heavier - the Diamond bring higher premiums
FACETS AND MORE
When discussing the properties, there's more to know than you may think. The Diamond, though one piece, is graded upon many different factors. A Gemologist will start with the specific measurements described in the image below.
Crown and Table
The top half of the Diamond consists of 1) the Table, which is the uppermost flat surface, and the typically faceted sidewall. The primary function of the Crown is to disperse light evenly through the Diamond.
The Girdle acts as the middle point to a Diamond. Ideally, you are searching for a medium to thick Girdle that helps spread your Diamond weight evenly, leading to the best quality of cut.
Pavilion and Culet
The Pavilion and Culet of a Diamond also assist with the light pass through but act more as mirrors to maintain an optimal amount of light for the best shine. The Culet also protects the Diamond from any potential damages, either while being set or worn.
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